The Role of Space in Memorial Architecture
Memorial architecture, as a specific building typology, has been established to preserve memories of people and events, stories about them, as well as the spaces and experiences of these stories. The influence of memorial architecture is very distinct. It generates experiences that reach the level of catharsis, both by its strength and character. In this case, the term "catharsis" refers to a state in which individuals evoke experiences that have a dramatic potential. This type of performativity can therefore be viewed in the context of the performing arts, and above all theater, for which the notion of catharsis is initially bound for. Memorial spaces are based on the consciousness for man's need to communicate with someone or something that no longer belongs to reality, as well as the need that this communication be caused or awakened for various reasons. Thereby, one of the key questions is the candor of the story, i.e. the question of whether memorial space creates an experience in comparison to the realistic or the constructed past. Simultaneously, the notion of reality here should be understood quite conditionally, bearing in mind the reliable reality is questionable, while a dependable memory is definitely nonexistent.